Pastoralism, resilience and climate change
NAPAST (“Protected areas and dynamics of pastoralists heritage in Marsabit greater ecosystem”), led by anthropologist Benoit Hazard (CNRS), is an interdisciplinary research aimed to understand how conservation projects interact with bio-cultural frontiers of pastoral landscapes in northern Kenya. The background of this research is tied with conflicts occurring on natural resources (water and pasture) within the framework of the rehabilitation of Marsabit National Park (a colonial legacy) and the northern wildlife conservation project. NAPAST questions how to enhance local conservation practices by focusing on interaction between conservationist project and the “ecoystemic services” of a wider arid ecosystem.
In the same perspective, IFRA is the host of REAL (“Resilience in East African Landscapes”), financed by the European Union, to establish a European training network devoted to take stock and produce knowledge of the ways in which indigenous peoples have adapted to East Africa’s intrinsically variable climate and land/water resources.