Developing against Development: Resistance as Participation in Development Induced Displacement in Kenya (Dulo NYAORO)
This research posits that resistance is part of any participation process in development projects. Resistance often occurs due to the limitations of formal participation and not lack of it. Using data collected from the development project of the Yala swamp in Siaya County, in Western Kenya, this essay argues that disputes are attributable to four main factors. First, the objectives of participation by project developers and members of local communities are at variance. Secondly, the project often falls short of expectations. Thirdly, the principle of full disclosure is not fully observed. And finally, external interests transform the initial agreements and expectations.
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Dulo NYAORO, ” Developing against Development: Resistance as Participation in Development Induced Displacement in Kenya, ” Mambo!, Vol. XV, (5), 2018.