MAMBO! Authors guidelines

Mambo! is a series of working papers published by IFRA (affiliated) researchers and grantees. They present the results of fieldwork research and provide our readers with preliminary analyses on social sciences topics in East Africa.

A Mambo! paper is meant to explore part of the author’s research; it gives insight into methodological issues and includes preliminary results of ongoing research that might subsequently be expanded into an article.

Mambo! papers are free of access on IFRA’s website, on OpenEdition ( and HAL (a French academic open source platform).

Articles should not exceed 3,000 words.

Please introduce yourself briefly (3 sentences max): names, university, main topics and current research. We advise authors to use the first footnote to give readers information about the context of their research and fieldwork.

Authors should provide a brief abstract (10 sentences) summing up their text and at least 5 keywords.

Authors should provide at least one illustration (graph, sketch, map, photo, etc.), color or black and white, and of good quality. Illustrations must be provided to the editor in JPEG and Adobe if possible (or any modifiable format). All illustrations (especially graphics) must be titled, specify their source and, if necessary, captioned. Illustrations should be copyright free. In case of any doubt, we will not publish the illustration.

Articles must meet the following requirements:

  1. Structure of the paper

  • Articles are divided into maximum 2 or 3 sections and must start with an introduction and end with a conclusion.

  • Footnotes are allowed but they should not exceed 15. They should be used mostly for bibliographic references and eventually for short insights, comments or further details. The first footnote can be used as an introductory presentation of the research context, e.g. place and duration of the fieldwork, the author’s methodology and goals, and any bias or additional relevant information.

  1. Typography

  • Boldface type is reserved for book titles in the bibliography. It should not be used in the body of the text. Italic type is used to highlight words as well as for foreign words and expression.

  • Use of underlining is not accepted.

  • Short quotations are written in italic type. Double quotation marks (“…”) are used and should neither be preceded nor followed by a space. Single quotation marks are to be used within quotation. Omissions within a quotation are marked by the symbol […].

  • The dash (–) is used for interpolated clauses.

  • No space precedes the following punctuation marks: semicolon (;), colon (:), exclamation point (!), question mark (?).

  • Centuries are referred to as follows: 19th century.

  • Any abbreviation, set of initials, acronym or slogan should be spelled out the first time it appears within the text and followed immediately by the set of initials, put into brackets, that will be used afterwards in the text. Example: Kenya Railway Corporation (KRC).

  1. Quotations and bibliographic references must be presented as follows:

N. B: No bibliographic references in the body of the text.

N. B: For all Mambo! written in French, please use « … » instead of “…”.

  • Quotations:

As Mehler argues, the City truly has become a “space of socialisation” (2011: 364-365).

The City truly has become a “space of socialization” (Mehler 2011: 364-365).

  • In the Bibliography section (inserted at the end of the article)


Surname First name, date. Title of the book. Place of edition, Publisher.

Allen John, 2003, Lost Geographies of Power. Oxford, Blackwell.

Siméant Johanna, 2014, Contester au Mali. Formes de la mobilisation et de la critique à Bamako. Paris, Karthala.

Pike Albert, Rodríguez-Pose Andrès, Tomaney John, 2006. Local and Regional Development. London, Routledge.


Surname First name, date. Title of the Article”, Title of the Book or Journal, vol.x, n°y, pp.

Granovetter Mary, 2005. “The Impact of Social Structure on Economic Outcomes”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.19, n°1, pp. 33-50.

Book chapters

Martinez Oscar J. 1994. “The Dynamics of Border Interaction. New approaches to border analysis”, in Schofield C. H. (ed.), Global boundaries. World Boundaries. London, Routledge, pp. 1-15.


Charton Hélène, 2002. “La genèse ambiguë de l’élite kényane. Origines, formations et intégration de 1945 à l’indépendance”, PhD. Diss, University Paris 7.

Musah Halidu, 2016. “Involving Women in Peacebuilding: An Alternative for Sustainable Peacebuilding in Bawku in the upper East Region of Ghana”, unpublished PhD. Diss, University of Nairobi.

Electronic Media

Kimonyo Jean Paul, “A Strong Man Building a Strong Institution on weak Society”, The New times, 8/08/2012. Accessed February 2, 2016. Internet link.

Conference papers

David Christopoulos, “Leadership and political capital”. Paper presented at the 8th UKSNA Conference, Bristol, 28-30 June 2012.


Interview with Jean Paul Kimonyo, writer and political adviser of the Rwandan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 22 May 2015, Kigali.

N. B: If an author has written 2 papers the same year:

Postah Betty, 2009a, “Some Aspects of Marital Stability in a Rural Luo Community”, Africa: Journal of The International African Institute, vol.48, n°4, pp. 380-397.

Postah Betty, 2009b, “……”, etc.

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